About Chronicle Data
All data presented on data.chronicle.com are for the fall term of the academic year shown unless otherwise indicated. Institution types are based on Ipeds sector designations. Carnegie classifications are based on the organization’s 2010 update. More information can be found here.
To protect privacy, we have suppressed data from Ipeds when there are fewer than three individuals.
Faculty and staff pay data come from the U.S. Department of Education’s Integrated Postsecondary Data System (Ipeds), comprising degree-granting colleges that participate in Title IV funding. The faculty data refer to full-time, nonmedical, instructional staff (either “instructional only” or “instructional combined with research and/or public service”) as of November 1 of the corresponding academic year.
Academic rank is usually assigned by each institution and includes Professors, Associate professors, Assistant professors, Instructors, Lecturers, and No academic rank.
In reporting faculty pay data since 2012-13, Ipeds provides the total number of faculty members, categorized by gender and length of contract, as well as the total amounts paid to them.
Starting in 2012-13, faculty data are for “postsecondary teachers”; figures for previous years were for employees categorized as “primarily instructional, research, and/or public service.”
The average nine-month-equivalent salary for 2017-18 data is calculated by the Department of Education. Salary outlays at 10-, 11- 12-month contracts are adjusted to a 9-month contract as follows:
(salary outlays at 9-months) + (.90 * salary outlays at 10 months) + (.818 * salary outlays at 11 months) + (.75 * salary outlays at 12 months)
Data for 2012-13 through 2015-16 calculate the average nine-month-equivalent salary using outlays and outlay months: The Department of Education calculates the total number of months of faculty salaries paid by the college (the number of faculty members on each contract length, multiplied by the contract length) and divides that figure into total outlay. The result is multiplied by nine to determine the nine-month-equivalent salary.
Data for 2003-4 through 2011-12 are again calculated slightly differently. The department collected data on the number of faculty members on nine-month or 10-month contracts, along with the total amount paid to those faculty members and to those on 11-month or 12-month contracts. It then reported the nine-month-equivalent salary based on those figures.
Data for noninstructional-staff members’ salaries, also from Ipeds, are available only since 2012-13 and cover full-time, nonmedical, noninstructional staff.
Staff titles have been edited for space and clarity. Ipeds reports the complete list as follows:
- Research — People whose specific assignments customarily are made for the purpose of conducting research. Regardless of title, academic rank, or tenure status, these employees formally spend most their time conducting research.
- Public service — People whose specific assignments customarily are made for the purpose of carrying out public-service activities such as agricultural extension services, clinical services, and continuing education. Regardless of title, academic rank, or tenure status, these employees formally spend most of their time carrying out public-service activities. (This category includes employees with a public-service assignment regardless of the location (e.g., in the field rather than on campus).
- Librarians, Curators, Archivists, and Academic Affairs and Other Education Services — Includes these four categories:
- Archivists, curators, and museum technicians — A category based on the broad occupation in the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) Manual called “Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians.”
- Librarians — A category based on the occupation in the 2010 SOC Manual called “Librarians.”
- Library technicians — A category based on the occupation in the 2010 SOC Manual called "Library Technicians."
- Academic-affairs and other education-services occupations — A category based on these three groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:
- Management — Based on the major group in the 2010 SOC Manual called “Management Occupations.”
- Business and Financial Operations — Based on the group in the 2010 SOC Manual called “Business and Financial Operations Occupations.”
- Computer, Engineering, and Science — Based on these three groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:
- Community, Social Service, Legal, Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports and Media — Based on the following three ajor groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:
- Healthcare Practitioners and Technical — Based on the mjor group in the 2010 SOC Manuall called “Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations.”
- Service — Based on these five groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:
- Sales and related — Based on the group in the 2010 SOC Manual called “Sales and Related Occupations.”
- Office and Administrative Support — Based on the major group in the SOC Manual called “Office and Administrative Support Occupations.”
- Natural Resources, Construction, and Maintenance — Based on these three groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:
- Production, Transportation, and Material Moving &emdash; Based on these two groups in the 2010 SOC Manual:
Note on previous faculty salary data reports:
This tool uses data from the Department of Education covering about 4,700 colleges. In past years, The Chronicle reported faculty salary data on about 1,200 colleges gathered through a survey from the American Association of University Professors. Those archived data tables are available here.
April 10, 2018
Faculty and staff data for 2016-17 were added and inflation adjustments were updated.
May 2, 2017
Updated Carnegie Classification aggregates to use C15Basic, reported in IPEDS 2015 table HD2015, rather than CCBasic, the standard from 2005/2010. In the 2015 update, the Associate's Categories were substantially redefined and the categories of the Research Doctoral Universities changed (but not the calculation methodology).
March 22, 2017
Faculty and staff data for 2015-16 were added and inflation adjustments were updated.
June 10, 2016
Updated visuals to better handle situations where no data exist for a given year. Additionally, by default, user-submitted salary data tables will show all submissions, rather than only recent submissions. And, more information about user-submitted data, including comments, are displayed.
June 8, 2016
Data for Abilene Christian University, New Hampshire Institute of Art, University of Maryland at College Park, Yeshiva University, and Alma College were updated to account for errors submitted to Ipeds.
April 6, 2016
The site was redesigned with new navigation and data visualizations. Data from the Adjunct Project, originally created by University of Georgia adjunct lecturer Josh Boldt, has been integrated. Users may now submit salary data for full-time faculty, adjunct faculty, and staff by department.
Feb. 10, 2016
Data for the 2013-14 academic year have been updated, reflecting revisions colleges sent to the Department of Education.
Feb. 5, 2016
Added data for the 2014-15 academic year.
April 8, 2015
Where the number of people is less than three, salary data is now suppressed.
April 2, 2015
Averages were recalculated to be "weighted averages."